Recently, scientists have begun uniting human and canine medicine via a new kind of clinical trial. According to Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine Magazine, Outlook, "Physicians are realizing how much stands to be learned by collaborating with veterinarians and designing clinical trials for animals - to treat their naturally occurring diseases - just as we do in people," according to Julia Evangelou Strait, author of the article, Shared Medicine.
The new research is focused on viral cancer treatments. Mice, the usual "test subjects," cannot be used because the type of viruses being tested for treatment don't replicate in mouse hosts.
Dogs in the clinical trials are not being treated as laboratory mice, though. They are cancer sufferers that need treatment, and the clinical trial is offered as a possible cure. Canine osteosarcoma is currently being targeted for treatment. The trials may not only provide potential treatment for dogs, but for humans as well.